Showcasing Laois History and Heritage
An Initiative of Laois Library Service

Articles

Read articles on the history of Laois contributed by local historians and researchers.

War, Remembrance and Revolution

It is often claimed that the men who returned from the Great War were forgotten after they returned to an Ireland which had changed. This is in fact simply not true of the immediate decades after the war, however true it might be for much later decades at the close of the twentieth century. Moreover,...
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January 1920: Motor Permits Protest in Maryborough

On the 1st of January 1920, despite it being the fair day, the streets of Maryborough were strangely silent. The silence was not to last. What was missing was motor traffic and not just because there was much less of it then than now. The absence was due to a cessation of all motor driving...
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Cattle drives at Ballycarnan, Lamberton and Clonaslee

On the 12th of March 1922 there was a cattle drive in the townland of Ballycarnan. Ballycarnan is just south of Portlaoise, to the east of the road to Abbeyleix. The property was then owned by Miss Flora S. Cassan of Sheffield House. In her evidence when making a bid for compensation in 1924 she...
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The Portarlington Sawmills Lockout of 1918

This article is an extract from a forthcoming chapter on the labour movement in Laois which will appear in a collection of essays to be published by Umiskin Press on the provincial working-class experience of the Irish revolution.
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The Malabar Rebellion: The Last Campaign of the Leinster Regiment

In the spring of 1922, there were twelve battalions comprising the soon-to be disbanded six southern Irish regiments of the British Army – four of those battalions were stationed in India and had to return home from there for disbandment – they were the 1st Battalion Leinster Regiment, 1st Battalion Connaught Rangers, 2nd Battalion Royal...
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A Memoir of Timahoe in War and Revolution

One of the many treasures safeguarded in Laois Libraries’ Local Studies section is a memoir from Timahoe, a memoir which begins in 1913. The work is entitled Timahoe, as I remember 1914 and the memorialist is Jack Quigley, of Ballygormill, Timahoe. This is an undated typed document. The present article offers some extracts from the...
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Wolfhill Coalmines: A Workplace in Revolution

In 1921 the Wolfhill Collieries company was planning an extensive expansion and seeking investment funds through offering shares to the public. Unfortunately, the company went into receivership in the summer of 1925. So this phase of coal-mining in Wolfhill ran between 1910, when efforts to re-start began, and 1925, with receivership and eventual liquidation.
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Kathleen Muldowney, a Gaelic League activist in Portlaoise

Kathleen Muldowney was one of five Labour candidates nominated for election to Maryborough Town Commission in the local urban and municipal elections of January 1920. Maryborough Town Commission was a layer of local government established in 1855 and was finally wound-up in 2014, by then re-named Portlaoise Town Council.
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The Shooting of Geoffrey McDonald

On January 26th 1922 Maryborough Courthouse resounded to cries of “Up the Republic” from the gallery as a self-described “Republican soldier” was taken from the dock denouncing “the informers of Ballinakill” as he went. The prisoners were Peter Campion, John Campion and Alphonsus O’Hara. The charge was murder. Despite the defiant posturing this speech from...
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The Shooting of Thomas Lawless

On 20th January 1921 Thomas Lawless, a 47 year old military veteran and father of seven, was shot dead by a group of 'Black and Tans' in his home on Lyster Lane. Lawless, who had fought for the British Empire abroad, became one of its' victims at home.
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Researching a family revolutionary: Edward Holland

Learn how a small newspaper article published a hundred years ago inspired and facilitated a deeper investigation into the revolutionary activities of a family member.
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Cissie Cahalan and the shop workers of Rathdowney

On Sunday the 4th of June 1922 open-air rallies took place in Portlaoise and Rathdowney in support of Labour candidate for the Leix-Offaly constituency, William Davin. In this article we are going to look at Cissie Cahalan — one of the speakers at the rallies and at shop workers more generally. Cissie Cahalan was then...
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The Royal Irish Constabulary Dead of the Queen’s County

In the frontline of meeting the challenge of guerrilla insurgency was the Royal Irish Constabulary. The Dead of the Irish Revolution lists five Laois men among the fatal casualties from the ranks of the R.I.C. in the year 1921. They were John Doogue, Michael Quinn, Joseph Hughes, William Walsh and Thomas Dowling.
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Ernest Mercier and a Protestant meeting in Durrow

On Wednesday the 12th of April 1922 there took place a meeting of, what some newspaper reports called, the “Protestant Unionists of Durrow and District”.[1] This assembly was in response to events in the north-east of Ireland and for this reason in this article we’ll have to delve into Belfast for a while before returning...
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Maryborough to Portlaoise (4): The Treaty

Following 'The Treaty' the last major evacuation and hand-over was the surrender of Kellyville R.I.C. barracks in Portlaoise on Saturday the 18th of March 1922. In the words of historian Michael Rafter that was “seen by the people as being the end of British rule in the county.” This was the culmination of a series...
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Maryborough to Portlaoise (3): The Barracks

The removal of the British Army was perhaps the most profound transformation following the establishment of the Irish Free State. Today we are accustomed to thinking of the role of the British Army in Ireland in terms of repression. Doubtless this was, at times, the case, and certainly the case in the years of the...
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Maryborough to Portlaoise (2): The Market Square

The pivotal urban public space in the revolution in Laois was the Market Square, Portlaoise. This was the centre piece for a range of demonstrations and rallies —with the focal point often the sadly no longer present Town Hall. We’ll look at a couple of these mobilisations here.
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Maryborough to Portlaoise (1): The Prison

In this article, and the next couple of articles, we’ll look at how public space and public buildings were used in the revolution or transformed in the revolution and at the role of these places in the story of how Maryborough became Portlaoise.
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The Orange Pole

The Orange Pole in Mountmellick became the Loyalist testament to the suppression of the Nationalist Insurgents in 1798. It was located upon the Market House which was once situated in the centre of the Market Square, which we now know as O’Connell Square.
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Funck77, Capard House, CC BY-SA 4.0

Capard House and the Pigotts

The Pigotts came to Laois as part of the Plantation of Queen’s County in the 1550s. John Pigott was an English captain who accompanied Thomas Radcliffe, Earl of Sussex, into Queen’s County circa 1558. He came from Salop and was connected to the ancient Pigott family established at Chetwynd Edgmont. For his service John Pigott...
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The Masonic Hall of Mountmellick

The building which we now know as the Masonic Hall on Church Street was built in 1765 and functioned originally as the first Methodist chapel in the town of Mountmellick. When the Methodist Body moved in 1882 to the Gideon Ousley Memorial Chapel on Market Street (now Parnell Street), the Freemasons of Lodge No.660 took...
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